Glossary of Terms (work in progress)

Career Pathway Program
A career pathway program is a set of stackable credits and credentials, combined with support services, that enables students to secure industry-relevant skills, certifications, and credentials and advance to higher levels of education and employment.
Career Pathway System
A career pathway system engages education and training providers in a continuous conversation with one another and with industry to ensure that students move seamlessly through and among educational institutions and work-based experiences to build skills and credentials that meet industry demand and prepare them for jobs and careers.
Earnings Average
Average hourly earnings for each job.
Growth is the net (non-negative) change for each year, and is calculated at the lowest level and aggregated up. For these reasons, it often differs from job change as calculated by subtracting an earlier year's jobs from a later year's job counts. The growth metric is a component of the openings metric (growth + replacements = openings).
The number of occupied positions. This is not quite the same as workers because one worker might fill more than one position.
Occupational Group
A set of occupations that share similar tasks and functions as well as required knowledge, skills and abilities. Occupations may or may not correspond to industry sectors. For example, while health care occupations are almost always found in the health care sector, occupations in management, engineering and sales are generally found in multiple industries.
Openings is the sum of growth and replacement, and it refers to the estimated number of job openings that exist both due to growth in the occupation and replacement needs in the occupation.
Public Partners
Non-industry (e.g. public sector or government) organizations who are support sector partnerships by working together to develop a coordinated response to the needs of industry. Public partners include decision-makers in workforce development, secondary education, post-secondary education, economic development, human services, vocational rehabilitation, and other public sector partners.
Replacement Jobs
Replacements is the number of existing jobs that are estimated to have been vacated in the year. Replacements takes into account job openings that are created but that are not due to growth in the occupation.
Companies that operate in the same segment of the economy, such as manufacturing, health care, or agriculture. In Hawaii, the term “sector” is used interchangeably with “industry” and “cluster” to describe a group of companies that share a similar business type and that share common markets, technologies and worker skill needs.
Sector Partnership
A business-led partnership of companies within the same industry sector who collaborate with one another and with public partners from education, workforce development, and economic development to address the workforce and other competitiveness needs of their sector. Hawaii’s sector partnerships are driven by industry; business leaders define their own collective agenda and champion specific priorities. Public partners actively support the sector partnership by responding to industry-determined priorities with an integrated approach, aligning programs around the needs of industry.
Sector Strategies
The array of programs and policies at state and regional levels that support strong, industry-led sector partnerships. Sector strategies can include: policy frameworks that encourage program alignment across education, workforce development and economic development to meet the needs of driving industry sectors or grants or other investments to support the development of sector partnerships and/or implementation of priorities that come out of sector partnerships.


No formal educational credential
This category signifies that a formal credential issued by an educational institution, such as a high school diploma or postsecondary certificate, is not typically needed for entry into the occupation. Examples of occupations in this category include janitors and cleaners, cashiers, and agricultural equipment operators.
High school diploma or equivalent
This category indicates the completion of high school or an equivalent program resulting in the award of a high school diploma or an equivalent, such as the General Education Development (GED) credential. Examples of occupations in this category include social and human service assistants, carpenters, and pharmacy technicians.
Some college, no degree
This category signifies the achievement of a high school diploma or equivalent plus the completion of one or more postsecondary courses that did not result in a degree or award. An example of an occupation in this category is actors.
Postsecondary nondegree award
These programs lead to a certificate or other award, but not a degree. The certificate is awarded by the educational institution and is the result of completing formal postsecondary schooling. Certification, issued by a professional organization or certifying body, is not included here. Some postsecondary nondegree award programs last only a few weeks, while others may last 1 to 2 years. Examples of occupations in this category include nursing assistants, emergency medical technicians (EMT's) and paramedics, and hairstylists.
Associate's degree
Completion of this degree usually requires at least 2 years but not more than 4 years of full-time academic study beyond high school. Examples of occupations in this category include mechanical drafters, respiratory therapists, and dental hygienists.
Bachelor's degree
Completion of this degree generally requires at least 4 years, but not more than 5 years, of full-time academic study beyond high school. Examples of occupations in this category include budget analysts, dietitians and nutritionists, and civil engineers.
Master's degree
Completion of this degree usually requires 1 or 2 years of full-time academic study beyond a bachelor's degree. Examples of occupations in this category include statisticians, physician assistants, and educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.
Doctoral or professional degree
Completion of a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) usually requires at least 3 years of full-time academic work beyond a bachelor's degree. Completion of a professional degree usually requires at least 3 years of full-time academic study beyond a bachelor's degree. Examples of occupations for which a doctoral or professional degree is the typical form of entry-level education include lawyers, physicists, and dentists.